EU prices $600
are about double world prices $300
(some say three times)
EU exports 5M
tons/a refined white sugar –varies, 2000/1 was claimed 7M tons
market is about 42M tons
EU prices are
NOT actually CAP subsidies, they are paid by the sugar industry (80%
loses $106M of sales (c.f. $136 M aid)
In 2001 EU
exported 1M tons to Zambia and Malawi alone –both sugar producers
ACSTA, EU dumping has lost 16,000 jobs in Swazi sugar industry and 20,000
in ascociated industries.
the past decade, the South African Sugar Association estimates that the EU
has depressed the world sugar price by 20 to 40 percent, forcing small
farmers like David out of business
prices cost the UK consumer £500M/a (UK sugar industry report)
production –(year?) 23M tons, 14M consumed, 6M exported rest stored.
System has A quota for consumption, B for export and C which is not
subsidised for surplus. UK produces 2.4M tons, 1.4M tons is UK sugar Beet the rest
from poor ACP countries 1.3M raw sugar (often quoted at 1.7M tons
Brazil is now
biggest exporter and has costs lower than say Mozambique.
Hewitt, Baroness Symonds have called for reform of Sugar Regime
UK Sugar Industry (processors) have called for reform of Sugar Regime!
(They pay the high prices!)
EBA (Everything But Arms agreement) will allow sugar in from 2006-20008
free in 2009 potentially benefiting poor countries – (possibly a limit
at 2.7M tons?)